Thursday, March 28, 2024
February 6, 2024
Monoclonal antibodies have kickstarted a new era in diagnostics, therapy, and research and continue to show great potential for use in medicine and science. In this article, we explore the steps that collectively lead to the creation of these biotherapeutics.
From the careful selection of antigens to the strategic utilization of bioreactors, each stage in the production journey significantly contributes to the quality, specificity, and scalability of monoclonal antibodies. With a dedicated focus on cutting-edge advancements, particularly in single-use technologies, we explore how these innovations are shaping the future landscape of monoclonal antibody (mAb) production.
The success of the entire process hinges on choosing the right antigen, a molecule capable of inducing an immune response. This carefully chosen antigen will become the target for the antibodies produced, making the selection process a crucial determinant of the ultimate efficacy and specificity of the monoclonal antibodies. The most popular selections are often proteins associated with diseases, and notable examples include HER2 for breast cancer and TNF-alpha for autoimmune diseases.1 2
The choice of antigen influences the functionality and specificity of the resulting monoclonal antibodies. Selecting an antigen relevant to the intended application ensures that the produced antibodies will effectively target the desired molecules or cells.
Several factors come into play when selecting an antigen for monoclonal antibody production:
As we progress in the manufacturing journey, the role of bioreactors becomes increasingly significant. Bioreactors are specialized vessels designed for the cultivation of cells, offering a controlled environment to facilitate large-scale production of monoclonal antibodies. The advantages of utilizing bioreactors include:
Various types of bioreactors are employed based on specific requirements and characteristics of the cell lines involved:
Following successful large-scale production in bioreactors, the next critical step in monoclonal antibody production is purification. Purification involves separating and isolating the desired antibodies from the complex mixture of cellular components, media, and by-products generated during the production process. Several chromatography techniques are utilized to achieve high-purity monoclonal antibodies.
Achieving the desired purity and yield in purification is crucial for the efficacy and safety of the final product. Optimization of parameters such as pH, salt concentration, and temperature is essential to enhance the selectivity of chromatography techniques.
Rigorous quality control checks are implemented to maintain the integrity of mAbs, monitoring concentration, verifying contaminant absence, and assessing overall purity. This dedication to purification excellence, along with careful handling to prevent losses, ensures a final product with high concentrations of pure monoclonal antibodies.
While not a novel trend, the integration of single-use technologies in monoclonal antibody production remains at the forefront of efficiency improvements. The pharmaceutical industry continues to value single-use technologies for their user-friendly, safe nature and profound impact on flexibility, scalability, and sustainability.
Single Use Support’s product lineup offers biopharmaceutical manufacturers comprehensive solutions based on single-use technology. The solutions optimize monoclonal antibody production, implementing automated, closed, and secure production lines encompassing both upstream and downstream processes.
The RoSS.FILL platform facilitates automated fluid management, accommodating varying volumes of biologics under aseptic conditions with high throughput and precision. Fluids are efficiently filled into single-use bioprocess containers and protected by secondary packagings, like the RoSS® Shell. This not only prepares them for the freezing process in the complementary plate-freezing platform but also ensures they are well-prepared for subsequent steps such as storage or shipping.